The 40th Anniversary of Title IX: Ronda Munger
May 16, 2012
Laramie, Wyo. - Over the next several months, the University of Wyoming Athletics Department will be featuring a series of interviews with former and current UW student-athletes and coaches who have been affected by and benefitted from Title IX.
This year marks the 40th anniversary of Title IX, the landmark legislation that was enacted in 1972 and applies to all educational institutions that receive federal funding. Title IX was written into law to provide equal opportunities for all genders in regard to educational programs and activities at all levels, including but not limited to elementary schools, secondary schools and colleges and universities. Athletic programs are just one area that are considered educational programs or activities.
Title IX was passed in 1972 as part of the Educational Amendments to the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Title IX simply states, "No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance."
We hope that fans will enjoy this series on University of Wyoming student-athletes and coaches who will share their views on the benefits and impact of Title IX.
Ronda Munger - Cowgirl Volleyball Letterwinner, 1984-87
Inducted into the University of Wyoming Athletics Hall of Fame in 1997, Munger currently serves at the Deputy Court Administrator/Public Information Officer for the Wyoming Supreme Court.
What were the major changes you noticed when Title IX came into effect?
Title IX was already in full swing by the time I began to play sports, which was 1979. I have always enjoyed the benefits of Title IX, and I appreciate all that was done prior to my participation in sports.
Did you notice a difference in the decision making of the next generation regarding women's athletics?
I am not quite sure. Having played volleyball at the University of Wyoming, there were four main sports: Men's Basketball, Men's Football, Women's Basketball, and Women's Volleyball. No doubt there were some inequities in the programs, I felt like the administration treated us all fairly evenly.
How did the exposure of women's athletics change after Title IX?
Title IX definitely raised awareness of women's athletics, and I believe that there are some sports where the spectators would rather watch the women's games more than the men's. Volleyball is one of those sports. The men's game is so powerful and does not lend itself to long rallies; compared to the women's volleyball game, which is more about finesse and precision and tends to lead to longer rallies.
Did Title IX have any effect on your career choices?
I am sure the fact that I enjoyed many opportunities in sports allowed me to believe I could do or be anything I wanted. I was never told I could not be in a specific profession, so I am sure Title IX had an influence in my choices. I know that I probably would not have gone to college without the full-ride scholarship to play volleyball, so in that regard it had a big impact.
Do you think there can be any improvements to Title IX?